Board Policy #S-5144

New Haven Unified School District
STUDENT POLICIES

Discipline

The Governing Board desires to prepare youth for responsible citizenship by fostering self discipline and personal responsibility. The Board believes that high expectations for student behavior, effective classroom management and parent involvement can minimize the need for discipline. Staff shall use preventative measures and positive conflict resolution techniques whenever possible. When misconduct occurs, staff shall make very effort to identify and correcThe Governing Board is committed to providing a safe, supportive, and positive school environment which is conducive to student learning and to preparing students for responsible citizenship by fostering self-discipline and personal responsibility. The Board believes that high expectations for student behavior, use of effective school and classroom management strategies, provision of appropriate intervention and support, and parent involvement can minimize the need for disciplinary measures that exclude students from instruction as a means for correcting student misbehavior.

(cf. 5131 - Conduct)
(cf. 5131.1 - Bus Conduct)
(cf. 5131.2 - Bullying)
(cf. 5137 - Positive School Climate)
(cf. 5138 - Conflict Resolution/Peer Mediation)
(cf. 5145.9 - Hate-Motivated Behavior)
(cf. 6020 - Parent Involvement)

The Superintendent or designee shall design a complement of effective, age-appropriate strategies for maintaining a positive school climate and correcting student misbehavior at district schools. The strategies shall focus on providing students with needed supports; communicating clear, appropriate, and consistent expectations and consequences for student conduct; and ensuring equity and continuous improvement in the implementation of district discipline policies and practices.

In addition, the Superintendent or designee's strategies shall reflect the Board's preference for the use of positive interventions and alternative disciplinary measures over exclusionary discipline measures as a means for correcting student misbehavior.
Disciplinary measures that may result in loss of instructional time or cause students to be disengaged from school, such as detention, suspension, and expulsion, shall be imposed only when required by law or when other means of correction have been documented to have failed. (Education Code 48900.5)

(cf. 5020 - Parent Rights and Responsibilities)
(cf. 5144.1 - Suspension and Expulsion/Due Process)
(cf. 5144.2 - Suspension and Expulsion/Due Process (Students with Disabilities))
(cf. 6159.4 - Behavioral Interventions for Special Education Students)
(cf. 6164.5 - Student Success Teams)

At all times, the safety of students and staff and the maintenance of an orderly school environment shall be priorities in determining appropriate discipline. When misconduct occurs, staff shall attempt to identify the causes of the student’s behavior and implement appropriate discipline. When choosing between different disciplinary strategies, staff shall consider the effect of each option on the student's health, well-being, and opportunity to learn.

Staff shall enforce disciplinary rules fairly, consistently, and in accordance with the district's nondiscrimination policies.

(cf. 0410 - Nondiscrimination in District Programs and Activities)
(cf. 5145.3 - Nondiscrimination/Harassment)
(cf. 5145.7 - Sexual Harassment)

The Superintendent or designee shall provide professional development as necessary to assist staff in developing the skills needed to effectively implement the disciplinary strategies adopted for district schools, including, but not limited to, consistent school and classroom management skills, effective accountability and positive intervention techniques, and development of strong, cooperative relationships with parents/guardians.

(cf. 4131 - Staff Development)
(cf. 4231 - Staff Development)
(cf. 4331 - Staff Development)

District goals for improving school climate, based on suspension and expulsion rates, surveys of students, staff, and parents/guardians regarding their sense of school safety, and other local measures, shall be included in the district's local control and accountability plan, as required by law.

(cf. 0460 - Local Control and Accountability Plan)
(cf. 3100 - Budget)

At the beginning of each school year, the Superintendent or designee shall report to the Board regarding disciplinary strategies used in district schools in the immediately preceding school year and their effect on student learning.

Legal Reference:

EDUCATION CODE
32280-32288 School safety plans
35146 Closed sessions
35291 Rules
35291.5-35291.7 School-adopted discipline rules
37223 Weekend classes
44807.5 Restriction from recess
48900-48926 Suspension and expulsion
48980-48985 Notification of parent/guardian
49330-49335 Injurious objects
52060-52077 Local control and accountability plan
CIVIL CODE
1714.1 Parental liability for child's misconduct
CODE OF REGULATIONS, TITLE 5
307 Participation in school activities until departure of bus
353 Detention after school

Management Resources:

CSBA PUBLICATIONS
Providing a Safe, Nondiscriminatory School Environment for Transgender and Gender-Nonconforming Students, Policy Brief, February 2014
Safe Schools: Strategies for Governing Boards to Ensure Student Success, 2011
Maximizing Opportunities for Physical Activity during the School Day, Fact Sheet, 2009

CALIFORNIA DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION PROGRAM ADVISORIES
Classroom Management: A California Resource Guide for Teachers and Administrators of Elementary and Secondary Schools, 2000
STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION POLICIES
01-02 School Safety, Discipline, and Attendance, March 2001

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION, OFFICE FOR CIVIL RIGHTS PUBLICATIONS
Dear Colleague Letter on the Nondiscriminatory Administration of School Discipline, January 2014

WEB SITES
CSBA: http://www.csba.org
California Department of Education: http://www.cde.ca.gov
Public Counsel: http://www.fixschooldiscipline.org
U.S. Department of Education, Office for Civil Rights: http://www.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ocr

First Reading
February 1, 1994
July 18, 2006
August 19, 2014

Second Reading
March 1, 1994
August 15, 2006
September 9, 2014
t the causes of the student's behavior.

(cf. 5137 – Positive School Climate)
(cf. 5145.3 – Nondiscrimination/Harassment)
(cf. 6020 – Parent Involvement)

Board policies and regulations shall delineate acceptable student conduct and provide the basis for sound disciplinary practices. Each school shall communicate to parents, students and the community at large the K-12 disciplinary rules in accordance with law, and any variation particular to a grade level or grade levels at the school or the physical particulars of the site.

(cf. 5131 – Conduct)
(cf. 5131.1 – Bus Conduct)

Staff shall enforce disciplinary rules fairly and consistently and without discrimination.

(cf. 5145.3 – Nondiscrimination/Harassment)

In order to maintain safe and orderly environments, the Board shall give employees all reasonable support with respect to student discipline. If a disciplinary strategy is ineffective, another strategy shall be employed.

When misconduct occurs, staff shall implement appropriate discipline to attempt to identify and address the causes of the student’s behavior. Continually disruptive students may be assigned to alternative programs or removed from school, in accordance with law, Board policy and administrative regulation. At all times, the safety of students and staff and maintenance of an orderly school environment shall be priorities in determining appropriate discipline.

Pursuant to Education Code 48904 and Civil Code 1714.1, parents/guardians are liable for the willful misconduct of their minor children that results in damages to school property or the injury or death of a district student, employee or volunteer.

(cf. 5131 Conduct)
(cf. 5137 – Positive School Climate)
(cf. 5142 Safety)
(cf. 5144.1 Suspension and Expulsion/Due Process)
(cf. 5145.3 – Nondiscrimination/Harassment)
(cf. 6020 – Parent Involvement)
(cf. 6164.5 – Student Study Teams)
(cf. 6184 – Continuation Education)

The Superintendent or designee shall provide professional development as necessary to assist staff in developing classroom management skills and implementing effective disciplinary techniques.

Legal Reference:

CIVIL CODE
1714.1 Parental liability for child’s misconduct

CALIFORNIA EDUCATION CODE
32280-32288 School Safety Plan
35146 Closed sessions
35291 Rules
35291.5-35291.7 School adopted discipline rules
37223 Weekend classes
44807.5 Restriction from recess for disciplinary purposes
48900-48925 Suspension and expulsion
48980-48985 Notification of parents or guardians
49000-49001 Prohibition of corporal punishment
49330-49334 Injurious objects

CODE OF REGULATIONS, TITLE 5
307 Participation in school activities until departure of bus
353 Detention after school

Management Resources:

CSBA PUBLICATIONS
Protecting Our Schools: Governing Board Strategies to Combat School Violence, 1999

CDE PROGRAM ADVISORIES
1010.89 Physical Exercise as Corporal Punishment, CIL, 89/9-3
1223.88 Corporal Punishment, CIL: 88/9-5

WEBSITES
CDE: http://www.cde.ca.gov
USDOE: http://www.ed.gov

First Reading
February 1, 1994
July 18, 2006

Second Reading
March 1, 1994
August 15, 2006

Administrative Regulation for Board Policy #S-5144