Board Policy #S-5141.23

New Haven Unified School District


The Governing Board encourages the Superintendent or designee to work with parents/guardians and local health agencies and organizations to develop a comprehensive approach to disease prevention.

(cf. 1020 – Youth Services)
(cf. 5141.31 – Immunizations)
(cf. 6142.1 – Sexual Health and HIV/AIDS Prevention Instruction)
(cf. 6142.8 – Comprehensive Health Education)

The Superintendent or designee shall regularly review resources available from health experts to ensure that district programs are based on the most up-to-date information about healthful practices.

To protect students from contact with potentially infections blood or other body fluids and prevent the spread of infectious disease, universal precautions shall be observed throughout the school environment.

(cf. 5141.22 – Infectious Diseases)

The Superintendent or designee shall inform students of the precautions to be used in cases of exposure to blood or other body fluids through injury, accident, or classroom instruction.

(cf. 5141 – Health Care and Emergencies)
(cf. 6145.2 – Athletic Competition)

Science Laboratory Instruction

Students involved in science laboratory experiences shall be protected from contamination from body fluids of other persons and from contaminated instruments. Whenever possible, laboratory experiences involving body fluids will be conducted by way of teacher demonstrations rather than by student participation.

(cf. 5142 Safety)

Injuries and Accidents

Whenever exposed to blood or other body fluids through injury or accident, students and staff should follow the latest medical protocol for disinfecting procedures.

(cf. 5141.1 Accidents)

Legal Reference:

49403 Cooperation in control of communicable disease and immunization of pupils
51202 Instruction in personal and public health and safety

5193 California bloodborne pathogens standard

2500-2508 Communicable disease reporting requirements

Management Resources:

1016.89 Guidelines for Informing School Employees about Preventing the Spread of Infectious Diseases, including Hepatitis B and AIDS/HIV Infections and Policies for Dealing with HIV-Infected Persons in School Settings

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention:

First Reading
February 1, 1994
April 3, 2007

Second Reading
March 1, 1994
May 1, 2007

Administrative Regulation for Board Policy #S-5141.23

New Haven Unified School District


Hand washing is the single most important technique for preventing the spread of disease. Liquid soap is preferable to bar soap. Hands should be washed thoroughly for 15 to 30 seconds with soap and warm running water, rinsed under running water, and thoroughly dried with paper towels:

1. Before eating, drinking or feeding.

2. Before handling food, clean utensils or kitchen equipment.

3. Before and after using the toilet or diapering.

4. After accidental contact with body secretions such as blood, urine, feces, mucus, saliva or drainage from wounds, or with soiled garments, equipment, diapers or menstrual pads.

Non-sterile disposable gloves should be worn when handling blood (such as providing care for nosebleeds, bleeding gums, cuts or wounds); blood soiled items (such as menstrual pads, bandages or clothing); secretions (particularly from open sores or wounds); vomit, urine or feces; as well as surfaces, materials, and objects exposed to them.

Gowns or smocks should be worn if soiling of clothing by body fluids, secretions or excretions is anticipated. Hands should be washed thoroughly after removing gowns and gloves.

Personnel and students with open skin lesions (such as chapped or broken skin, eczema, sores, cuts or wounds) should particularly avoid contact with blood, blood soiled items, or secretions, and should cover their lesions with occlusive dressings or gloves when possible.

Extraordinary care should be taken to prevent accidental wounds from potentially contaminated sharp instruments such as needles, scissors, or knives.

Food and drinks should not be shared. Separate eating utensils, glasses and cups should be used.

Sanitary conditions should be maintained throughout the facility, with established routines for frequently cleaning floors, sinks, faucets, table tops, door knobs, etc.

Surfaces contaminated with body secretions should be washed with soap and water and disinfected promptly with a freshly prepared solution of bleach (10 parts water to 1 part bleach). Disposable towels should be used whenever possible, and mops should be rinsed in the bleach solution.

Articles and clothing soiled with blood, vomit, feces, urine or other body discharges should be placed in leakproof plastic bags for proper disposal or washing.

Administrative Regulation for Board Policy #S-5141.23