Long ago on the Sanpoil River that flows southward into the Columbia River,
Old Man and old Woman lived with their tribe, the Sanpoils. They were so
stooped that it appeared they were walking on their knees and their elbows.
Their very pretty granddaughter lived with them.
One day Coyote came along and saw the old couple with the beautiful girl.
Immediately, he decided that he wanted the girl for his wife. But he knew
better than to ask for her then. He thought he would wait until evening.
So during the day he sat around, becoming better acquainted with the family.
The old couple watched him, noting that his long hair was braided neatly
and his forelocks were carefully combed back. They noticed too that he was
tall and strong. Old Man and Old Woman talked between themselves about Coyote,
wondering if he could be a Chief.
In the late afternoon, Coyote asked Old Man, "What is that thing down
in the stream?"
"Why, that is my fish trap," Old Man replied.
"A fish trap? What is that? What do you do with it?" asked Coyote,
pretending he did not know.
"Oh, occasionally I catch a few bullheads and sunfish," Old Man
"Is that what you eat? I never heard of them. Are they big enough for
a meal?" asked Coyote.
"They are not much, but what else can we eat?" replied Old Man.
"I think I will go up the hill and look around," said Coyote.
It was then about an hour before sunset.
On top of the hill, Coyote saw some grouse roosting in a tree. He threw
some stones at them, killing five. He carried the grouse back to Old Man
and said, "Let's eat these for supper."
After removing the feathers, Old Man roasted the game over the fire and
when they were done, everyone sat down to eat the wonderful meal. To Old
Man and his family, it seemed like a feast.
"Is this the kind of food you eat every day?" the Old Man asked
"Sometimes I eat berries, roots, and I catch some real big fish, as
long as your arm," Coyote said.
Later, Coyote announced that he would like to stay there if they wanted
him, otherwise he would move on.
"What do you mean?" asked Old Man.
"Well, it is like this. I would like to marry your granddaughter,"
Old Man and Old Woman looked at each other but said nothing. Coyote went
for a little walk to allow the old couple to talk privately.
While Coyote was gone Old Man said to his wife, "What do you think
of this fellow? You saw what he did, bringing good food for our supper.
If we let him marry our granddaughter, maybe they will stay here and we
will have such good food always. Surely our girl will marry someone soon,
perhaps some man not as good as this young fellow."
"Well, husband, I'll leave it entirely up to you."
Soon Coyote returned. He decided to let Old Man open the conversation. Old
Man held his pipe in one hand and said, "How I wish I had a smoke.
My tobacco ran out some time ago."
"Have some of mine," said Coyote, reaching into his jacket pocket.
He pulled out a large bunch of tobacco and gave it to Old Man, who filled
his pipe, feeling very much surprised that Coyote would have real tobacco.
After a while Old Man spoke, "My wife and I have talked over your proposal
and she left the decision up to me. I have decided to let you marry our
granddaughter and live here. If you go away, we want you to take her with
you. How are we to know that you will do this?"
"You need not worry," said Coyote. "I am tired of travelling.
I want to settle down here for the rest of my life, if you wish."
Old Man was pleased with Coyote and believed what he said. So Coyote took
the pretty granddaughter for his wife.
Early that evening Coyote stayed with his wife and later said, "I am
going out for a few minutes and when I return we will go to bed."
"All right," answered his wife.
Coyote went downstream to where Old Man had his fish trap. He changed it
into a basket-type trap, piling rows of rocks to guide fish into the basket.
When finished he called out, "Salmon, I want two of you in the basket
trap tomorrow morning, one male and one female." Then he returned to
Next morning Coyote asked Old Man to go to his fish trap early. "I
think I heard a noise in the night that sounded like fish caught in a trap,"
Old Man went downstream to see his fish trap. Sure enough, he saw two big
fish in the trap. Old Man was so excited, he stumbled up the trail toward
"You were right, there are two great fish in the trap bigger than I
have ever seen," reported Old Man.
"You must be dreaming," said Coyote.
"Come down with me and see for yourself," Old Man said.
When the two reached the trap, Coyote exclaimed, "You are so right.
These are salmon, chief among all fish. Let us take them over to that flat
place, and I will show you what to do with them."
When they reached the open field, Coyote sent Old Man up the hill to gather
sunflower stems and leaves.
"Those are salmon plants," Coyote explained. "Salmon must
always be laid on sunflower stems and leaves."
Old Man spread the sunflower plants upon the ground. Coyote placed the salmon
on them, and proceeded to show Old Man how to prepare the salmon.
"First, put a stick in the salmon's mouth and bend it back to break
off the head. Second, place long sharp poles inside the salmon lengthwise
to hold for roasting over your campfire," said Coyote.
"Now remember this," he continued. "The first week go down
to the trap and take out the salmon every day. But when fixing it, never
use a knife to cut it in any way. Always roast the fish over the fire on
sticks, the way I have shown you. Never boil salmon the first week. After
the salmon is roasted, open it carefully and take out the backbone without
breaking it. Also, save the back part of the head for the sacred bundle-never
"If you do not do these things as I have told you, either a big storm
will come up and you will be drowned, or you will be bitten by a rattlesnake
and you will die.
"After you have taken out the salmon's backbone, wrap it and the back
of the head carefully in tules, the marsh grasses, to make a sacred bundle,
then place it somewhere in a tree, where it will not be bothered. If you
do as I tell you, you will always have plenty of salmon in your trap.
"I am telling you these sacred things about the salmon because I am
going to die sometime. I want you and your tribe to know of the best way
to care for and use your salmon. After this, your men will always place
their fish traps up and down the river to catch salmon. The man having the
first trap will be Chief of the Salmon, and the others should always do
anything he tells them to do.
"After the first week of the salmon season, you can boil your salmon
or cook it any way you wish. But remember to always take care of the bones,
wrapping them in a sacred bundle--never leaving them where they can be stepped
upon or stepped over."
For the next few days each time Old Man went down to his fish trap in the
morning, he found twice as many salmon as on the day before. Coyote showed
him how to dry fish to prepare them for winter use. Before long they had
a large scaffold covered with drying fish.
People of the Sanpoil tribe saw the fish and noticed how well Old Man and
Old Woman were doing. They went to their hogans and told others about the
big red fish called salmon, and about the tall young stranger who taught
Old Man about caring for the salmon.
Soon thereafter, all the people came to see for themselves. Old Man and
Old Woman invited them to feast on their roasted salmon. The old couple
explained how their new grandson-in-law had shown them how to trap the salmon
and dry them for winter food.
To this day, the Sanpoils say their tribe harvests the salmon in exactly
the way that Coyote taught their ancestors long, long ago.
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Glenn Welker firstname.lastname@example.org
Last Updated: January 7, 1996