The Native Americans of the Plains depended on the
buffalo for food, clothing, and just about everything that they
needed. But the buffalo did not stay in one place. They moved around
the Great Plains looking for grass to graze. The Plains People had to
follow the buffalo migrations, so they had to move camp often.
For thousands of years
they traveled on foot, carrying their things on their backs or on
travois. Travois are made of two poles crisscrossed on one end and
harnessed to an animal. The other end of the poles are dragged on the
ground. A net was attached in between the two poles to hold the
things that had to be carried. Dogs were used to pull the
After the horses were
introduced, the people started to hitch their travois to the horses
instead of to the dogs. That allowed them to carry a lot more and
they were able to move around a lot faster, giving them a better
chance to keep up with the buffalo. Their lives became a lot easier.
They called the horses their sacred dogs.